PC221 Analog Electronics Lab



This page is being updated for Winter 2017.

This is the Physics 221 Lab page, created and updated by Terry Sturtevant .
Page last updated Thursday June 23, 2016
**Items marked this way are not final.**


Introduction

Evaluation Methods

Course Material

Week of ... Lab Reference Material
[ white background indicates required reading;
gray background indicates optional reading]

Introduction
Jan. 2
Bench supplies in N2083
bench supplies in N2083


Breadboards [screencast of PDF]
breadboards



Measuring Voltage and Current
Jan. 9

Current measurement
current measurement


2N3904 datasheet [© Fairchild Semiconductor]

Introduction to the oscilloscope
AC and DC settings on the oscilloscope
Introduction to the function generator

Jan. 16 Function generator operation [WLU April 30, 2015 ]

Oscilloscope operation [WLU April 30, 2015 ]

RMS voltage explanation [University of New Brunswick]

Sketching AC waveforms [WLU April 19, 2011 ]

DC and AC voltage measurements with a digital multimeter - Version A
DC and AC voltage measurements with a digital multimeter - Version A


DC and AC voltage measurements with a digital multimeter - Version B
DC and AC voltage measurements with a digital multimeter - Version B


DC and AC voltage measurements with an oscilloscope
DC and AC voltage measurements with an oscilloscope


RMS voltages
RMS voltages


Use of a function generator - Part I
use of a function generator - Part I

Use of a function generator - Part II
use of a function generator - Part II


Electrical Circuits Review [pdf 18pp; B. M. Fleischer] - sections B.1 and B.2.1 

DC measurements
Introduction to analog simulation (ie. SPICE analysis)

Jan. 23 Kirchhoff's laws [WLU February 16, 2010 ] w

Kirchhoff's laws example [WLU April 30, 2015 ]

LTspice tutorial (includes links to lots of other resources) [WLU 2008]

Kirchhoff's voltage law animation

Kirchhoff's current law animation

Kirchhoff's Law analysis using Maple
Kirchhoff's Law analysis using Maple


Operating point analysis in LTspice - Part I
operating point analysis in LTspice - Part I


Operating point analysis in LTspice - Part II
operating point analysis in LTspice - Part II


Operating Point Analysis in CircuitLab
operating point analysis in CircuitLab


Introduction to SwitcherCAD (another name for LTspice);
includes parametric and text commands, file descriptions [PDF; Petr Kropik]
LTspice introductory manual (adding components) [PDF; Aalborg University, October 2005]
SPICE overview (lots of detail) [University of Pennsylvania]
SWCADIII (Another LTspice tutorial) (very detailed) [PDF; Aalborg University]



AC and DC measurements with a digital meter
AC and DC settings on the oscilloscope
Amplitude and DC offset settings on the function generator
SPICE analysis (transient)

Jan. 30 AC and DC circuit analysis
AC and DC circuit analysis


Transient analysis in LTspice
transient analysis in LTspice


Trace manipulation in LTspice - Part A
trace manipulation in LTspice - Part A


Trace manipulation in LTspice - Part B
trace manipulation in LTspice - Part B


Transient (i.e. Time Domain) Analysis in CircuitLab
transient (i.e. time domain) analysis in CircuitLab
Superposition Theorem [All About Circuits]

Lab test: Converting measurements
Feb. 6
  • Lab Test 1: Converting measurements.
    You'll be given measurements from a digital multimeter, and have to sketch the corresponding scope trace, and use a scope trace to predict the corresponding digital multimeter readings.
    Test 1 marking checklist   [ November 25, 2013  ]

Meauring capacitance
SPICE analysis (ac; phase and magnitude)

Feb. 13 Identifying Capacitor Polarity  [ February 4, 2013 ]

Identifying Capacitor Polarity [screencast of PDF]
identifying capacitor polarity


Measuring Capacitance

Bode Plots  [ February 23, 2016 ]


Resistance, Capacitance, and Inductance Measurements with Digital Meters
Resistance, Capacitance, and Inductance Measurements with Digital Meters


AC analysis in LTspice
AC analysis in LTspice
Charging and Discharging A Capacitor [© 1995-2003 M. W. Davidson and The Florida State University]


How Capacitors Work [© 1998 - 2003 HowStuffWorks, Inc.]

How Capacitors Work

?



Feb. 20 Reading Week - no lab  
     

Meauring inductance
Resonant circuits

Feb. 27 tenma meter
TENMA meter manual (including inductance measurement on p. 17)   [ March 1, 2012 ]

MAKE Presents: The Inductor
MAKE Presents: The Inductor

Lab test
March 6
  • Lab Test 2: Measure an unknown signal

    There will be an unknown signal which you will have to display and then measure a parameters; (shape, amplitude, offset, frequency).
    You can practice for this with your partner by having one person set up a signal and then adjust the scope to random settings, and then have the other person find the signal and characterize it.


Diodes
IV curves using scope and DC supply
SPICE analysis (DC sweep and adding models)

March 13 Checking diodes

Adding a model in LTspice
adding a model in LTspice


DC sweeps in LTspice
DC sweeps in LTspice

Physics of a Diode
[©2003 Marvin Casanova ]
MAKE Presents: The Diode
MAKE Presents: The Diode

Zener diodes
SPICE analysis (adding subcircuits)

March 20


Exporting LTspice Data
exporting LTspice data


Transient Analysis in LTspice (preliminary)
transient analysis in LTspice (preliminary)


Exporting CircuitLab Data
exporting CircuitLab data



March 27
  • Hand in any remaining items



Resources

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WCAG
2.0
(Level AA)

Wilfrid Laurier University