PC221 Analog Electronics I

Zener Diodes


  1. To expand the use of SPICE circuit simulation to include subcircuits.
  2. To compare results of analysis, measurement, and simulation.



Use the information in adding a subcircuit in LTspice to add a subcircuit to the SPICE library.

You can find a SPICE model at ON Semiconductor. (Search for the part number and then choose the tab for Supporting Tech Materials.)


  1. Build and study the following circuit:

    diode circuit

    The values are
    • V = 1 V, 1 kHz sine wave with a DC offset of 6 V
    • R = 1.0 kΩ
    • D = 1N5338B

    Here's how to do it:
    1. For the AC supply,
      • Sketch the voltage across D, and indicate the size of the DC and AC components.

    2. Change the sine wave to be from -10 to +10 V (or as close as you can get to that) at a frequency of 1 kHz.
      • Sketch the voltage across the diode for at least two cycles of the sine wave.

  2. Summarize the operation of the zener diode, given what you know about zener diodes.
    Explain what's different from the ordinary diode studied earlier.
    Explain your results to the lab instructor before continuing.

  3. Use the information in adding a subcircuit in LTspice to add a subcircuit to the SPICE library.

  4. Do 2 transient analyses to produce a graph of voltage across the diode versus time to compare with the two sketches from above.

  5. Compare the values from the actual circuit to the values from your analysis and measurements above.
    Show your results to the lab instructor.

  6. Save your circuit and your LTspice files for future use.

Before you leave the lab, have the lab instructor sign your lab notebook immediately after your last entry.


To view pdf documents, you can download Adobe Acrobat Reader .
get Acrobat Reader
If you need to update a browser, you might try Firefox which is Get Firefox!
Since this page uses cascading style sheets for its layout, it will look best with a browser which supports the specifications as fully as possible.

If you are looking for an office package, with a word processor, spreadsheet, etc., you might try LibreOffice which is Get LibreOffice!

Go to the main page for the Department of Physics and Computer Science.

Valid XHTML 1.1

Valid CSS!

(Level AA)

Wilfrid Laurier University