PC/CP320 Physical Computing
Output Transducers: Relay
It may sound strange to speak of a relay as an output transducer, but because it contains a solenoid inside, its operation depends on the operation of this internal solenoid. So investigating a relay as an output transducer really means investigating the internal solenoid.
EquipmentYou will use one of the relays; either one is OK.
- relay local, Axicom V23105
- relay local, Omron G5V
- variable power supply
- Zener diode
Use the 1N5925B Zener diode
ProcedureYou will use one of the relays; either one is OK.
- Determine the functions of the various pins by measurement.
there should be two pins for the coil and pins for common, normally
open, normally closed and any duplicates. From these measurements and
the attached datasheet, which model of the
- Can this relay operate as normally open, normally closed,
- What is the coil's resistance?
- The coil is energized when you hear it click. (You can
also measure the resistance between the common and either NO or
NC pins to verify.)
- What current is required to consistently energize the coil?
- What voltage is required to consistently energize the coil?
- Observe the ac component of the voltage across the coil on an oscilloscope as you turn it on and off. What do you notice?
- Disconnect the coil from the voltage supply and observe the ac component of the voltage across the supply on the scope. Does it look different from when the coil was connected? If so, how?
Reconnect the coil, but now put a reverse-biased diode
across the coil,
(i.e. in parallel with it),
and observe the
ac component of the voltage across the
coil as you turn it on and off.
How does it compare
to the previous two situations?
From now on, always use a diode across the coil.
- Normally, the current/voltage required to energize the coil is different
from the current/voltage required to keep the coil energized. Decrease
the current until the relay clicks back.
(As before, you can
also measure the resistance between the common and either NO
or NC pins to verify.)
- What current is required to keep the coil energized?
- What voltage is required to keep the coil energized?